5 Standard Filmmaking Shots Every Cinematographer Must Know

2. Extreme Wide Shot (Extreme Long Shot)

The extreme wide shot is a shot taken from a long distance, used to impress the audience. These shots are typically used as establishing shots because they often show landscapes or massive building exteriors. It represents the surroundings around a character, often showing scale, distance, and location. If the character is visible in the shot, the audience should see their entire body from head to toe.

In the above image, Gandalf rides his horse Shadowfax. The audience can relate to the size of a man and a horse, so when they see castle in the distance, they know how absolutely massive the structure actually is. The castle absolutely towers over them, and the extreme wide shot has impressed the audience.

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