2. HAVE A STRONG FOREGROUND ELEMENT.
A good foreground element is an essential component of any landscape photograph, though vertically composed landscapes place much more emphasis on the foreground. Use this prominent foreground to your advantage to create a photo with more depth. Notice that in these photos, shot along the Rye, NH seacoast, both have good fore-, mid-, and backgrounds, and include a lot of the same rocks and boulders. However in the second, portrait-oriented photo, I’ve placed much more focus on the foreground rocks, and at least to my eye the second image has more depth and dimension as a result.